Entrepreneurial ecosystem and sustainability as catalysts for regional development: proposition of a theoretical framework

Palavras-chave: desenvolvimento sustentável, empreendedorismo, ecossistema empreendedor, empreendedorismo sustentável, sustentabilidade

Resumo

As demandas por um modelo de desenvolvimento que contemple as dimensões social e ambiental, além da econômica, vêm se tornando cada vez mais um imperativo, seja por parte da sociedade em geral, seja por iniciativa de órgãos, nacionais ou supranacionais, fiscalizadores e reguladores. Dessa forma, os preceitos do desenvolvimento sustentável vêm ganhando cada vez mais espaço nas agendas políticas e nos debates civis. Propomos aqui que esse modelo de desenvolvimento, em especial aquele ligado à sustentabilidade forte (e relativo à economia ecológica), seria o ideal. Para isso, baseados em revisão da literatura, formulamos um modelo teórico que conjuga desenvolvimento regional sustentável (como variável dependente), mediado pelas variáveis independentes empreendedorismo e sustentabilidade. Ou seja, o objetivo deste artigo é a proposição de um framework teórico que assume que o desenvolvimento regional sustentável pode ser atingido a partir da articulação entre o fomento à atividade empreendedora e os preceitos da sustentabilidade. Consideramos também, como aditivos a esse modelo, o constructo ecossistema empreendedor como catalisador da atividade empreendedora em nível regional e também o empreendedorismo sustentável como um tipo de negócio propício para a geração mais igualitária de renda, melhoria na estrutura social e preservação ambiental.

Biografia do Autor

Paulo Vitor Siffert, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (PUC-MG)

Doutorando em Administração pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (PUC-MG). Mestre em Geografia pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG).

Liliane de Oliveira Guimarães, Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais (PUC Minas)

Doctorate in Business at the Getulio Vargas Foundation – São Paulo (FGV-SP). Professor at the Postgraduate Program in Business – Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais (PUC Minas).

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Publicado
2020-10-30