Entrepreneurial orientation and open innovation in brazilian startups: a multicase study
ResumoEntrepreneurship and innovation are the basis to regional and national development. Therefore, entrepreneurs and startups are protagonists in this scenario. However, a new paradigm emerges in innovation studies: Open Innovation. But the relationship between Open Innovation and entrepreneurship is few explored. Thus, our work aims to fill this gap. Using case studies we check the hypotheses presented by Carvalho and Sugano (2016). At end, a framework and new hypotheses were presented to future studies.
ANDERSON, Brian S.; KREISER; Patrick M.; KURATKO, Donald F.; HORNSBY, Jeffrey S.; ESHIMA, Yoshihiro. Reconceptualizing entrepreneurial orientation. Strategic Management Journal v. 36, n. 10, p. 1579-1596, 2015.
BONNER, Joseph M.; KIM, Daekwan; CAVUSGIL, S. Tamer. Self-perceived strategic network identity and its effects on market performance in alliance relationships. Journal of Business Research, v. 58, n. 10, p. 1371-1380, 2005.
BOTELHO, Marisa dos Reis A.; OLIVEIRA, Olga Priscila Alves; CARRIJO, Michelle de Castro. Cooperação e inovação – uma análise evolutiva para empresas de eletroeletrônicos do arranjo produtivo de Santa Rita do Sapucaí (MG). Revista de Economia e Administração, São Paulo, v. 12, n. 4, p. 428-455, out./dez. 2013.
CAMPOS, Héctor Montiel; DE LA PARRA, José Pablo Nuño; PARELLADA, Francesc Solé. The entrepreneurial orientation-dominant logic-performance relationship in new ventures: an exploratory quantitative study. Brazilian Administration Review, Rio de Janeiro, v. 9, Special Issue, p. 60-77, may 2012.
CARVALHO, Eduardo Gomes; GANDIA, Rodrigo Marçal; FERREIRA, Cassiano de Andrade; GARCIA, Marcelo de Oliveira; SUGANO, Joel Yutaka. Small businesses and large gaps: a meta-analysis of quantitative studies about open innovation. Espacíos, Caracas, v. 37, n. 3, 2016.
CARVALHO, Eduardo Gomes; SUGANO, Joel Yutaka. entrepreneurial orientation as driver for open innovation. Espacíos, Caracas, v. 37, n. 5, 2016.
CHASTON, Ian; SCOTT, Gregory J. Entrepreneurship and open innovation in an emerging economy. Management Decision, v. 50, n. 7, p. 1161-1177, 2012.
CHESBROUGH, Henry W. Open innovation: the new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2003.
______. Open Innovation: Researching a New Paradigm. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
CHESBROUGH, Henry; BOGERS, Marcel. Explicating open innovation: clarifying an emerging paradigm for understanding innovation. In: CHESBROUGH, Henry; VANHAVERBEKE, Wim; WEST, Joel. New frontiers in open innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. p. 3-28
CONBOY, Kieran; MORGAN, Lorraine. Beyond the customer: opening the agile systems development process. Information and Software Technology, v. 53, n. 5, p. 535-542, abr. 2011.
COVIN, Jeffrey G.; COVIN, Teresa Joyce. Competitive aggressiveness, environmental context, and small firm performance. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, v. 14, n. 4, p. 35-50, 1990.
COVIN, Jeffrey G.; SLEVIN, Dennis P. Strategic management of small firms in hostile and benign environments. Strategic Management Journal, v. 10, n. 1, p. 75-87, 1989.
______. A conceptual model of entrepreneurship as firm behavior. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, v. 16, n. 1, p. 7-25, 1991.
DE CLEYN, Sven H.; GIELEN, Frank; COPPENS, Jan. Incubation programs from public research organizations as catalysts for open business ecosystems. Technology Innovation Management Review, Ottawa, p. 29-34, apr. 2013.
DRUCKER, Peter F. Innovation and entrepreneurship: practice and principles. London: Heinemann, 1994.
EFTEKHARI, Nazanin; BOGERS, Marcel. Open for entrepreneurship: how open innovation can foster new venture creation. Creativity and Innovation Management, v. 24, n. 4, p. 574-584, dez. 2015.
EISENHARDT, Kathleen M. Building theories from case study research. The Academy of Management Review, v. 14, n. 4, p. 532-550, oct. 1989.
FERNANDES, Daniel Von Der Heyde; SANTOS, Cristiane Pizzuti. Orientação empreendedora: um estudo sobre as conseqüências do empreendedorismo nas organizações. RAE electrônica, São Paulo, v. 7, n. 1, jan./june 2008.
GALINDO, Miguel-Ángel; MENDEZ-PICAZO, María-Teresa. Innovation, entrepreneurship and economic growth. Management Decision, v. 51, n. 3, p. 501-514, 2013.
GARCIA, Renato; DIEGUES, Antônio Carlos; ROSELINO, José Eduardo; COSTA, Ariana Ribeiro. Desenvolvimento local e desconcentração industrial: uma análise da dinâmica do sistema local de empresas de eletrônica de Santa Rita do Sapucaí e suas implicações de políticas. Nova Economia, Belo Horizonte, v. 25, n. 1, p. 105-122, jan./abr. 2015.
GASSMANN, Oliver; ENKEL, Ellen. Towards a theory of open innovation: three core process archetypes. In: R&D MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, 6 july 2004, Lisabon. Anais…, Portugal: RADMA, 2004. p. 1-18.
GÜNDOĞDU, Mehmet Çağrı. Re-thinking entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, and innovation: a multi-concept perspective. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, v. 41, p. 296-303, 2012.
HOSSAIN, Mokter. Open innovation: so far and a way forward. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, v. 10, n. 1, p. 30-41, 2013.
HUANG, Hao-Chen; LAI, Mei-Chi; LIN, Lee-Hsuan; CHEN, Chien-Tsai. Overcoming organizational inertia to strengthen business model innovation: an open innovation perspective. Journal of Organizational Change Management, v. 26, n. 6, p. 977-1002, 2013.
HUIZINGH, Eelko K. R. E. Open innovation: state of the art and future perspectives. Technovation, v. 31, p. 2-9, 2011.
IAKOVLEVA, Tatiana. Open innovation at the root of entrepreneurial strategy: a case from the norwegian oil industry, Technology Innovation Management Review, p. 17-22, april 2013.
LAZZAROTTI, Valentina; MANZINI, Raffaella, PELLEGRINI, Luisa. Firm-specific factors and the openness degree: a survey of Italian firms. European Journal of Innovation Management, v. 14, n. 4, p. 412-434, 2011.
LI, Yong-Hui; HUANG, Jing-Wen; TSAI, Ming-Tien. Entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: the role of knowledge creation process. Industrial Marketing Management, v. 38, n. 4, p. 440-449, 2009.
LUMPKIN, G. T.; DESS, Gregory G. Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, v. 21, n. 1, p. 135-172, 1996.
LUMPKIN, G. T.; DESS, Gregory. Linking two dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation to firm performance: the moderating role environment and industry life cycle. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 16, n. 5, p. 429-451, 2001.
MELLO, Sérgio Carvalho Benício de; LEÃO, André Luiz Maranhão de Souza. Compreendendo a orientação empreendedora de empresas de alta tecnologia. In: SOUZA, Eda Castro Lucas; GUIMARÃES, Tomás de Aquino. Empreendedorismo além do plano de negócios. São Paulo: Editora Atlas, 2005. p. 162-178.
MILLER, Danny. The correlates of entrepreneurship in three types of firms. Management Science, v. 29, n. 7, p. 770-791, 1983.
NDUBISI, Nelson Oly; IFTIKHAR, Khurram. Relationship between entrepreneurship, innovation and performance: comparing small and medium-size enterprises. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, v. 14, n. 2, p. 214-236, 2012.
RAUCH, Andreas; WIKLUND, Johan; LUMPKIN, G. T.; FRESE, Michael. Entrepreneurial orientation and business performance: an assessment of past research and suggestions for the future. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, United States, v. 33, n. 3, p. 761-787, may 2009.
SAEBI, Tina; FOSS, Nicolai J. Business models for open innovation: matching heterogeneous open innovation strategies with business model dimensions. European Management Journal, v. 33, n. 3, p. 201-213, june 2015.
SCHROLL, Alexander; MILD, Andreas. Open innovation modes and the role of internal R&D: an empirical study on open innovation adoption in Europe. European Journal of Innovation Management, v. 14, n. 4, p. 475-495, 2011.
SCHUMPETER, Joseph. The theory of economic development. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press, 1934.
SEGERS, Jean-Pierre. Strategic Partnerships and open innovation in the biotechnology industry in Belgium. Technology Innovation Management Review, p. 23-28, april 2013.
SOLESVIK, Marina Z.; GULBRANDSEN, Magnus. Partner selection for open innovation. Technology Innovation Management Review, p. 11-16, april 2013.
SOUSA, Ana Rosa de.; BRITO, Mozar José, SILVA, Paulo José; ARAÚJO, Uajará Pessoa. Cooperação no APL de Santa Rita do Sapucaí. Revista de Administração Mackenzie, São Paulo, v. 16, n. 1, p. 157-187, 2015.
SWAMI, Sanjeev; PORWAL, Rajesh. Entrepreneurship, innovation and marketing: conceptualization of critical linkages. Journal of advances in management research, v. 2, n. 2, p. 54-69, 2005.
VAN DE VRANDE, Vareska; JONG, Jeroen P. J.; VANHAVERBEKE, Wim; ROCHEMONT, Maurice. Open innovation in SMEs: trends, motives and management challenges. Technovation, Zoetermeer, v. 29, p. 423-437, 2009.
VANHAVERBEKE, Wim. Rethinking open innovation beyond the innovation funnel. Technology Innovation Management Review, p. 6-10, april 2013.
WEST, Joel; SALTER, Ammon; VANHAVERBEKE, Wim; CHESBROUGH, Henry. Open innovation: the next decade. Research Policy, v. 43, n. 5, p. 805-811, 2014.
WYNARCZYK, Pooran. Open innovation in SMEs: a dynamic approach to modern entrepreneurship in the twenty-first century. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, v. 20, n. 2, p. 258-278, 2013.
YIN, Robert K. Case study research: design and methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1994.
ZHAO, Fang. Exploring the synergy between entrepreneurship and innovation. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, v. 11, n. 1, p. 25-41, 2005.